We are providing many paragraphs, long essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Environmental Pollution in English language for students in 1000 words. In this article cover Topic : Define environmental pollution, Effects of environmental pollution on humans and animals, Air pollution and its prevention and control, Noise pollution and the steps to minimise it, Water pollution and some measures to control it, Radioactive pollution and number of ways to control it and Initiatives taken by the government to control pollution.
Today, the biggest threat to humanity on this planet is environmental pollution. It is growing with every passing year. This is an issue which bothers us financially, physically and socially. Environment pollution is being linked to some deadly diseases. An environmental problem which keeps worsening every day requires addressing so that its harmful effects on humans as well as on the planet can be improved.
The effects of environmental pollution on humans are primarily physical, but can change for long periods in neuro-love. The most well known problems are respiratory, as an allergy, asthma, eye irritation and nasal pathways or other forms of respiratory infection. Environmental pollution also affects the animals while harming their living environment, making them poisonous to live in. Acid rain can change the structure of the rivers and oceans, making them poisonous for the fish, and an important amount of ozone in the lower part of the atmosphere can cause lung problems to all animals.
In essence, environmental pollution, almost exclusively created by human activities, has a negative effect on the ecosystem, eliminating its critical level and having even more negative effects on the upper layers. Due to pollution, problems like ozone depletion, global warming, greenhouse effect, melting of glaciers etc have arisen. There are five types of pollution in environmental pollution; Air, noise, water, soil and radioactive pollution etc.
Essay Air pollution
Air pollution is a gas (or spreads through a liquid or solid-normal air) to release enough amounts to damage the health of people or other animals, to kill plants or to grow them properly Preventing air pollution can be defined as the presence of any solid, liquid or gaseous matter in which atmospheric noise and radioactive radiation are involved. Can, which can be either directly or indirectly harmful to human or other organisms, plants, property or interfere with the normal environment, processes. Air Pollution is a result of industrial and some domestic activity; One continuous use of fossil fuels in power plants, industries, transport, mining, construction of buildings etc.; Some major diseases caused by air pollution were caused by air pollution: bronchitis, asthma, lung cancer, tuberculosis and pneumonia.
There are air pollution prevention and control measures
Good-designed equipment and fired fuels should be used in homes and industries
- Renewable and non polluting sources of energy such as solar energy, wind power etc. should be used
- Long fireplace should be installed in factories
- More trees should be planted on roads and houses.
Essay on Noise pollution
Noise is one of the most comprehensive pollutants by noise, 'sound without price' or 'no noise which is unwanted by the recipient' by shouting stones and crossing the cross, steel forgings, loudspeakers, heavy carriage vehicles, railway and airports Increased irritability and increase in blood pressure, anger, decrease in work efficiency, loss of hearing which may be temporary before but noise is permanent in stress TI. The noise level is measured in terms of decibels (DB)
Noise pollution is a growing problem, all human activities contribute to various quantities of noise pollution. The sources of noise pollution are numerous and are indoor or outside. Indoor sources include noise generated by radio, television, generators, electric fans, air coolers, air conditioners, different home appliances and family struggles.
External sources of noise pollution include indirect use of activities such as loudspeakers, industrial activities, automobile, rail traffic, airplanes and markets, religious, social and cultural activities, sports and political rallies. Noise pollution is very annoying and upset. The noise makes the delicate disturbance, the cause of hypertension (hypertension), emotional problems such as aggression, mental depression and annoyance noise pollution affect the efficiency and performance of individuals.
The following steps can be taken to control or reduce noise pollution
- Road traffic noise can be reduced due to better design and proper maintenance of vehicles.
- Industrial noise can be reduced by generating sound-proofing equipment and noise-producing areas.
- Electricity equipment, loud music and land movers, public works using loudspeakers etc. should not be allowed in the night
- The use of horns, alarms, refrigeration units etc. is to be restricted. Fire crackers are used for noise and air pollution should be restricted.
- A green belt of trees is a skilled noise absorber.
- Use of a strong speaker or public address system will not be used at night (from 10:00 to 6:00 to 6:00), except for closed-premises for communication located in the vicinity e.g. Auditoriums, conference rooms, community hall and banquet hall
- If a person can exceed the noise level by ambient noise standards by 10 dB (A) or more given in the respective column against any area / region, then register the complaint to the Authority.
Essay on Water Pollution
Water pollution is one of the most serious environmental problems. Due to many human activities like water, pollution, industrial, agricultural and domestic. Our water is well polluted with industrial wastes with human and animal dishes, along with agricultural, poisonous substances and sewage water running bin Laden with extra fertilizers and pesticides. Natural source of water pollution, soil erosion, punching of minerals from rocks and destroying organic decay of organic matter
Water pollution is a major source of water borne diseases and other health problems. Due to the deterioration brought from the agricultural areas and the discharge of untreated or partially treated sewage and industrial wastes, disposal of fly ash or solid waste in the water body, there are serious problems of water pollution. Because of the water's water, the penetration of light in the water decreases due to water disturbances, which reduces photosynthesis by water aquatic plants.
The following measures can be adopted to control water pollution
- The need for water should be reduced by changing the techniques involved.
- Treatment should be reused with or without water.
- Recycling of water should be done to the maximum extent after treatment.
- The amount of waste water discharge should be reduced.
The next source of environmental pollution is soil, it is due to the presence of human-made chemicals and other changes in natural soil. This type of contamination usually arises to filter out the waste from the polluted surface water source, oil and fuel dumping, direct discharge of industrial effluents in the soil, landfills etc. in the soil. The most common chemicals involved in soil pollution: Petroleum hydrocarbons, solvents, insecticides, lead and other heavy metals are very dangerous aspects of soil pollution because it affects the region and the fertility and food production of the country.
It is a serious concern, which can be said to improve the use of healthy pesticides to improve the quality of fertility and soil and thus, reducing the damage, to control the pollution of the soil, plastic bags Is necessary to prevent the use of. Sewerage should be used as a fertilizer before and should be done properly as landfill. Prior to disposal, biomedical waste should be treated properly to remove hazardous substances. Biomedical waste should be collected separately and burnt in proper incinerator.
Essay Radioactive pollution
Radioactive pollution is defined as the physical pollution of air, water, and other radioactive materials. The ability of some materials to radiate protons, gamma rays and electrons by its nucleus is known as radioactive, proton is called alpha particle And electrons are also known as beta particles. Those materials are known as radioactive elements, the radiation of the environment can be from different sources and can be natural or man-made.
Natural radiation is also known as the background radiation, in this, the cosmic rays are included and from the space reaches the surface of the Earth. It includes radioactive elements such as radium, uranium, thorium, radon, potassium and carbon. These are in rock, soil, and water; Man-made radiation includes mining and refinement of plutonium and thorium. Nuclear weapons production and explosion include nuclear fuel, power plants and radioactive isotopes.
Low levels of radiation risk on a small part of the body can affect only the cell membrane and can cause light skin irritation. Other immediate effects of the short duration of atomic radiation are wounds caused by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of hair and nails, bleeding under the skin. The risk of high radiation is quite acute toxicity and can kill the victim quickly, the victim dies in life force and dies from anemia, infection and bleeding.
Radioactive pollution can be controlled in many ways, including the prevention of leakage from radioactive materials including nuclear reactors, industries and laboratories. Power plants should follow the safe instructions. Protective clothing should be worn by workers working in nuclear plants.
Government initiatives to control pollution
The Indian government has been a deep supervisor of the impact on the environment and has been at the forefront to protect and protect it. The Ministry of Environment and Forests is actively involved in monitoring and preparing ways to maintain Indian natural beauty and maintain a healthy ecological balance. With the promotion of organic farming strict industrial wastewater treatment regulations, the government has provided facilities and policies to protect our nature.
To tackle environmental pollution, several initiatives have been taken by the government at international and national level. United Nations Conference on Human Environment (UNEP) was called to study the deeper change in the relationship between human and its environment in view of modern scientific and technological advances.
In the last few years, the Indian government has taken various measures in response to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). 'National Action Plan on Climate Change and Low Carbon Strategies for Inclusive Development' has been started.
The World Health Organization has established an international network for monitoring and studying global air pollution and preparing possible solutions. India has been working on the issue of its greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) for many years. Estimated average, per person GHG emissions in 2020 are likely to be lower compared to the developed countries of India.
Never less, India is intensely aware of the need to solve the issue of climate change and, therefore, the Government of India has a strong national action plan on climate change (NAPCC), which is a mixture of both mitigation and adaptation measures.
India has taken several initiatives to deal with climate change in the field of science and research, policy development, policy implementation, international cooperation and forestry. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has taken several positive steps to reduce environmental pollution. The Government of India has passed some important environmental laws ie Water (Pollution Control and Control) Act, 1974 and Air (Pollution and Prevention Control) Act, 1981.
The present government of India has taken six important environmental-friendly steps to control environmental pollution. These steps include 'Swachh Bharat Abhiyan', 'Clean Ganga Mission', 'National Air Quality Index', 'Toilets before Temples', 'Mount Everest Climb', i.e. Mount Everest Cleanliness Campaign, 'Water Conservation' etc.
In order to solve the environmental problem by the industry, emphasis on pollution control for pollution prevention has seen significant changes in government policy over the last decade. Concrete efforts have been made by the government in this direction.
To make a healthy and competitive environment for sustainable industrial development in the counter, now the responsibility is to work with the industry, equipment manufacturers, academic and consulting organizations, national and international organizations etc to work in accordance with the government's policy.
What is pollution?
Environmental pollution occurs when pollutants contaminate the natural surroundings. Pollution disturbs the balance of our ecosystems, affect our normal lifestyles and gives rise to human illnesses and global warming. Pollution has reached its peak due to the development and modernization in our lives. With the development of science and technology, there has been a huge growth of human potentials. People have become prisoners of their own creations.
We waste the bounties of our nature without a thought that our actions cause serious problems. We must deepen our knowledge of nature`s laws and broaden our understanding of the laws of the human behavior in order to deal with pollution problems. So, it is very important to know different types of pollutions, their effects and causes on humanity and the environment we live in.
Types, causes, and effects of pollution
Air pollution is one of the most dangerous forms of pollution. A biological, chemical, and physical alteration of the air occurs when smoke, dust, and any harmful gases enter into the atmosphere and make it difficult for all living beings to survive as the air becomes contaminated. Burning of fossil fuels, agriculture related activities, mining operations, exhaust from industries and factories, and household cleaning products entail air pollution. People release a huge amount of chemical substances in the air every day. The effects of air pollution are alarming. It causes global warming, acid rains, respiratory and heart problems, and eutrophication. A lot of wildlife species are forced to change their habitat in order to survive.
Soil pollution occurs when the presence of pollutants, contaminants, and toxic chemicals in the soil is in high concentration that has negative effect on wildlife, plants, humans, and ground water. Industrial activity, waste disposal, agricultural activities, acid rain, and accidental oil spill are the main causes of soil pollution. This type of contamination influence health of humans, affects the growth of plants, decreases soil fertility, and changes the soil structure.
Water pollution is able to lead our world on a path of destruction. Water is one of the greatest natural resources of the whole humanity. Nothing will be able to live without water. However, we do not appreciate this gift of nature and pollute it without thinking. The key causes of the water pollution are: industrial waste, mining activities, sewage and waste water, accidental oil leakage, marine dumping, chemical pesticides and fertilizers, burning of fossil fuels, animal waste, urban development, global warming, radioactive waste, and leakage from sewer lines. There is less water available for drinking, cooking, irrigating crops, and washing.
Light pollution occurs because of the prominent excess illumination in some areas. Artificial lights disrupt the world`s ecosystems. They have deadly effects on many creatures including mammals, plants, amphibians, insects, and birds. Every year many bird species die colliding with needlessly illuminated buildings. Moreover, artificial lights can lead baby sea turtles to their demise.
Noise pollution takes place when noise and unpleasant sounds cause temporary disruption in the natural balance. It is usually caused by industrialization, social events, poor urban planning, household chores, transportation, and construction activities. Noise pollution leads to hearing problems, health issues, cardiovascular issues, sleeping disorders, and trouble communicating. Moreover, it affects wildlife a lot. Some animals may suffer from hearing loss while others become inefficient at hunting. It is very important to understand noise pollution in order to lower its impact on the environment.
Radioactive pollution is the presence of radioactive substances in the environment. It is highly dangerous when it occurs. Radioactive contamination can be caused by breaches at nuclear power plants or improper transport of radioactive chemicals. Radioactive material should be handled with great care as radiation destroys cells in living organisms that can result in illness or even death.
Solutions to pollution problems
Environmental pollution has negatively affected the life of both animals and human-beings. The only way to control current environmental issues is to implement conservation methods and create sustainable development strategies. We should find some effective solutions in order to restore our ecological balance.
First of all, we should make sustainable transportation choices. We should take advantage of public transportation, walk or ride bikes whenever possible, consolidate our trips, and consider purchasing an electric car. It is very important to make sustainable food choices. Choose local food whenever possible; buy organically grown vegetables and fruits or grow your own.
People should conserve energy. Turn off electronics and lights when you are not in the room. Consider what small changes can lead to big energy savings. Use energy efficient devices. It is also essential to understand the concept of reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Try to buy used items whenever possible. Choose products with minimal packaging. Buy reusable items. Remember that almost everything that you purchase can be recycled.
Conserve water as much as possible. Dispose of toxic waste properly. Do not use herbicides and pesticides. Use natural, environmentally friendly chemicals for your everyday chores.
Environmental pollution is one of the biggest problems caused by human activities that we should overcome to see a tomorrow and guarantee our descendants a healthy life. There are many environmental concerns for communities around the world to address. We should always remember that pollution problems affect us all so each of us has to do his or her best to help restore ecological balance to this beautiful place we call home. Learn about the major polluters in your area to protect the air and water where you live. Encourage people to stop pollution, tell them everything you know about this problem, and protest local polluters together. The masses should be educated on the danger of different types of pollution. People should know everything about all consequences of the environmental pollution in order to prevent the worst from happening. Let`s protect the water we drink, the air we breathe, and the soil we use to grow our food.