Dissertation conclusion is typically created at the end when you are tired and your creativity is running low. But you need to finish the task. Dissertation conclusion is the tying knot that binds your research paper together. It mainly reflects the various issues in discussion section, introductory thesis statement and recommendations for further studies. So it is important to write an effective dissertation conclusion UK to fulfill the purpose of writing. You can read the example conclusion dissertation given at the website. After you will read these samples, writing a conclusion for a dissertation will seem to be a simple task. But you still don’t feel confident then we have brought an eligible solution to your problem.
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If you feel you have the capabilities in writing a conclusion for a dissertation but need navigation to complete your dissertation paper with ease, you have landed on the right place. Here our dissertation writing experts have decided to make your aware of the elements that is necessary for producing good dissertation conclusion. Why conclusion for dissertation? Because it is the most important part of your dissertation paper and its needs your close attention. Refer to the example conclusion dissertation UK to know more.
Typical ingredients of a conclusion for dissertation
Following are the conventional elements of dissertation conclusion. It is important for you to know how you should form a standard conclusion for dissertation by using those elements. It is not necessary or desirable to include all the elements mentioned here. You probably want to use these in some combination which you are also going to find in example conclusion dissertation:
• A summary of your main points that you have mentioned so far
• A deduction made on the basis of the main body
• Your personal opinion in what has been discussed
• A statement about the limitations of the work
• Recommendations for future studies based on what has been discussed
• The implications of the work for future research
• Conclusion in a way you leave a clear impression on your readers; only then your purpose of writing the paper will be accomplished.
Structure of good dissertation conclusion chapter
The conclusion for dissertation should always reflect a clear structure that engages examiner’s attention, provides a convincing sequence of how the project is able unequivocally and rigorously identify sound knowledge that reflects relevant theory and policy.
Like any academic writing, writing a conclusion for a dissertation also demands proper head-body-tail. Conclusion for dissertation should start with an introduction, and then middle section (synthesis of empirical findings that answers the research question) and lastly theoretical and policy implications at an end (future direction).
You can refer to the example conclusion dissertations given on the website to know more.
Strategies for developing effective dissertation conclusion
To write good dissertation conclusion you need to adopt few strategies. If you reinforce the following strategies in your conclusion for dissertation, you can reach excellence with more ease.
You need to involve these following elements in your dissertation conclusion which is also stated in the published example conclusion dissertations.
• Your task is to provide evidence and synthesis of arguments presented in the body to make sure that you have answered research question effectively at last.
• The best way to do it is by including a summary of the main findings just as it is expressed in example conclusion dissertation.
• Don’t just repeat earlier arguments that were in your thesis. Instead, show you readers how your points and arguments are supported by examples and evidence. If you have two or more parts to the questions, be sure to include responses to each part in your conclusion for dissertation.
• Under this section, you provide the contribution and/or implications of the synthesis in response to research questions, how they may impinge to on existing theories or understanding. If you can’t understand you can refer to the example conclusion dissertation.
• You make aware your readers how your findings could influence further understanding in the subject. It is also useful to indicate how your study is difference from other’s research work.
• Moreover, it is important to acknowledge those views of other who share similar mind-set just how our experts did it in the example conclusion dissertation.
• This part will be dedicated to present a brief synthesis of the policy relevance of key findings from your study.
• The best way to do is by mentioning the theoretical understanding on which your research work is founded.
• You also can include how your findings can influence practical field of your study in future as recommendations. Read some example conclusion dissertations, if you are not confident how to do it.
Possibilities for future study:
• Addition elements of dissertation conclusion include recommendations for future action and speculations on future trends.
• You can involve possibilities of future research plans by outlining your future plans. You can provide such outline with bullets points along with brief explanation for each of the research statements. Example conclusion dissertation can help you more on this.
Limitation of the study:
• If you are conducting an empirical research, you need to find various limitations which have been encountered during the sampling, lab work, data collection and analysis stages of research. Remember to end your limitations with positive note, focusing on empirical results.
• Some supervisors want this part under methodology section rather in conclusion chapter. So it is wise to consult with your examiner to understand what their expectations are. If you cannot contact the examiner, refer to the example conclusion dissertations which are based on the current guidelines.
Conclusion of the conclusion:
• Finally you have reached at the conclusion part of your dissertation conclusion chapter. Here you mainly add a sentence or two to reinforce your thesis statement which was used in your introduction.
• It is a way to demonstrate your readers that you have proved the point that you stated in the beginning of the research paper. This will give your readers a sense of satisfaction that they have received as per their expectations. It is a graceful exit.
• Here you could talk about the overall significance of the topic, how it is important for reader’s intellect, how it contributed to the ‘body of knowledge with the areas of study’. Make your readers feel that it is worth their time and energy to read your dissertation paper.
This is all about writing a conclusion for a dissertation. But you also have to perceive the idea of bad example conclusion dissertation. What is reason behind considering a dissertation conclusion as ineffective or bad? Here are the answers.
Kinds of bad conclusion
1. “I am sticking to what I have said’…
In this kind of writing a conclusion for a dissertation, the author only restate the thesis in very precise manner without moving the ideas forward. When author can’t think of anything else, they produce this kind of example conclusion dissertation.
2. The ‘Sherlock Holmes’ conclusion:
Sometimes writers will state thesis statement at the end. You might be tempted to use this strategy to create some drama. You might think you could wow the readers by lifting veil from the mystery like Sherlock Holmes Mystery at the last moment. But this is not the way you should keep your readers in the dark. As our example conclusion dissertations are written, you need to state the strongest achievements of the paper at first.
3. Emotion centric conclusion:
This kind of writing a conclusion for a dissertation is designed to appeal readers on emotional ground. But it looks out of character with an analytical paper. More critical aspects rather than emotional winning would be desirable in this situation. But if the topic demands, an emotional quotient may be introduced in the writing. If you want some samples, refer to example conclusion dissertation.
4. The ‘Grab Bag’ Conclusion:
In this kind of dissertation conclusion, authors mainly put extra information because they did not find the place to involve that information in main dissertation body. They find it difficult to ignore those details, and thought of adding random facts at the end of dissertation conclusion to confuse the readers in more precise way.
You know how to create a dissertation, but do you know the elements that can easily make or break your dissertation. Do you know how to place them correctly? You may know or may not. But there is always a possibility of making mistakes. This is why we are here for you. From writing conclusion for dissertation to example conclusion dissertation assistance, it provides all.
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By Claire Aitchison
I love a good conclusion. There’s nothing more satisfying than reading a good paper that finishes strongly, but what a letdown when there is a poor – or non-existent – conclusion!
We know that most of us read the abstract, scan the introduction and then move quickly to the discussion and conclusions sections when we read research papers (Feak & Swales, 2011 p. 40). Whether it is a thesis or journal article the conclusion is really important, so why is it that it is so often badly done? And how can we make sure it’s as great as it can be?
Firstly, I think there are some useful processes that can help ensure a successful conclusion. Especially because a PhD thesis is such a long time in the making, it is useful to begin building the conclusion over months and years – at least from the time data is being collected and analysed. I suggest these steps to students I work with.
Build a ‘Conclusions Bank’
- From mid-stage in your PhD make a new file called ‘The Conclusions Bank’ and throw into it inspirations and ‘big ideas’ as you construct your thesis. For example, this is the place you can dump insights that come to you during data analysis or when reading the literature, and it’s a good place to store chapter leftovers.
Don’t worry about organising this information until you have finished all your data chapters and you are ready to begin your conclusion. It is easy to lose sight of such thinking in the latter stages of the thesis writing when you are mentally and physically exhausted. It can be an absolute delight to find this treasure trove of ideas just as you think you’ve run out of energy and inspiration.
Within the Conclusions Bank make a separate section into which you copy and paste each of the conclusion sections from each of your chapters as you write them. Having these together means you can eyeball all the parts in one place, enabling you to better synthesise these parts and see the big picture required to make the ‘big claims for significance’. Remember that a key task of a conclusion is to identify what it is that makes the whole greater than the sum of the parts. It’s a big job for a totally blank page and an exhausted mind!
- At some point when you are toward the end of your writing, remove yourself from your work and freewrite to these questions:
- So, what have I found – and why does it matter?
- What do I know now, that I didn’t know before? (e.g., before I read the literature or before I collected and analysed the data)
- Who cares? / Who should care? (e.g., are these things of value for practitioners, for policy or theory, for improving how we collect or analyse data?)
- What do I know that no one else knows? (e.g., things that arise from my unique context or data sets)
The disappointing conclusion
As an editor or examiner, one of the most common failings I come across is a conclusion that looks and reads as if the author has run out of steam. That kind of conclusion is generally way too brief, sloppily written – and incredibly disappointing. Some examples include:
- A failure to overview the whole project, perhaps just focusing on one aspect (e.g., something the author has just explored in the section above, or their favourite aspect/part of the project).
- A collection of motherhood statements disconnected from the literature, ‘soap box’ announcements or imperatives for action that don’t necessarily flow from the evidence presented. For example, I recently reviewed a research paper where the author seemed to consider the final section as his/her chance for chest beating on issues not at all substantiated by the research presented: ‘Thus teachers should blah blah blah…’
- A lazy reiteration (even duplication) of statements from the abstract or the introduction or abstract.
- A bland re-summarising of the research and/or listing of findings.
- A failure to highlight the ‘take-home message’ – be that the key argument, key finding(s) or implications. This ‘high pass’ claim or observation is what makes a conclusion great.
So what should a conclusion do?
Remember that a conclusion may be read as a stand-alone item. As such it needs to inform the reader of what was done, how and why, what was found, and why it matters. It can be a challenge to reiterate all of this succinctly and without boring repetition, nevertheless, that’s the task of the conclusion.
Conclusions should do some or all of the following:
- remind the reader of the research problem and purpose and how they were addressed
- briefly summarise what has been covered in the paper
- make some kind of holistic assessment/judgement/ claim that pertains to the whole project (i.e., more than a descriptive summary)
- assess the value/relevance/ implications of the key findings in light of existing studies and literature
- ‘speak’ to the Introduction
- outline implications of the study (for theory, practice, further research)
- comment on the findings that failed to support or only partially support the hypothesis or research questions directing the study
- refer to the limitations of the studies that may affect the validity or the generalisability of results
- make recommendations for further research
- make claims for new knowledge/ contribution to knowledge.
(adapted from Belcher, 2009; Paltridge & Starfield, 2007; Swales & Feak, 1994)
How is a conclusion organised?
A conclusion is sometimes described as a mirror image of the introduction, in that it moves from the particular to the general. There is another sense in which the discussion and conclusion section is the reverse of the introduction: an introduction contains extended discussions on the previous existing research and literature on the topic, and relatively little on the current research. In the conclusion section the new research, positioned against existing knowledge, is the primary focus. In the concluding section, existing literature and previous research is used for confirmation, comparison or contradistinction (Swales, 2004 cited in Paltridge & Starfield, 2007, p. 147).
Every thesis is different and writers need to decide what suits their particular needs, writing style and methodological approach; however, being aware of common patterns and genres can help writers make judicious decisions to suit their own particular thesis. We know, for example, the structure of a Conclusion section in a thesis commonly follows these stages or moves:
- An introductory restatement of research problem, aims and/or research question
- A summary of findings and limitations
- Practical applications/implications
- Recommendations for further research
Given what we know about reader behaviour wherein the abstract, introduction and conclusion are often the only parts many readers bother with, it is essential that the conclusion concludes the paper in a succinct and punchy fashion. This is the last (but not only) chance to ensure the reader has clarity about what’s been done and the merits of these endeavours. Is it important that the conclusion answers the question: ‘So what?’ This is the hardest challenge for a conclusion-writer, so using strategies such as The Conclusions Bank and freewriting big ideas can be critical for building a conclusion that is great.
And finally, perhaps it is useful to remind ourselves of relevant aspects of the definition of a ‘conclusion’ – the conclusion is the end or final part; it is the result or outcome of an act or process, a judgment or decision reached after deliberation. No wonder it’s so hard!
Belcher, W. (2009). Writing your journal article in 12 weeks: a guide to academic publishing success. Thousand Oaks: SAGE.
Feak, C. B., & Swales, J. M. (2011). Creating contexts: writing introductions across genres (Vol. Volume 3 of the revised and expanded edition of English in Today’s Research World). United States of America: University of Michigan Press.
Thomson, P., & Kamler, B. (2013). Writing for peer reviewed journals: strategies for getting published. London: Routledge.
Paltridge, B., & Starfield, S. (2007). Thesis and dissertation writing in a second language: A handbook for supervisors. Oxon: Routledge.
Swales, J. M., & Feak, C. B. (1994). Academic writing for graduate students. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.